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  • Definition
  • A wiki is a website that allows the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor.
  • Wikis are typically powered by wiki software and are often used to create collaborative websites, to power community websites, for personal note taking, in corporate intranets, and in knowledge management systems.
  • Wikis may exist to serve a specific purpose, and in such cases, users use their editorial rights to remove material that is considered "off topic."
    • Such is the case of the collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia In contrast, open purpose wikis accept content without firm rules as to how the content should be organized.
  • Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, originally described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work."
  • History
  • First Wiki
    • The first wiki, or user-editable website, launched in 1995 by Ward C (Read further for WHICH Ward C)
      • The first wiki, or user-editable website, launched in 1995 by Ward Cunningham as part of the Portland Pattern Repository
        • (the website was also later known as "WardsWiki");
      • The Perl-based application that was used to run it, also developed by Cunningham, which was the first wiki software (it was later renamed "WikiBase"); and the original general term for both wikis and wiki software.
      • The software and website were developed in 1994 by Cunningham in order to make the exchange of ideas between programmers easier.
    • The concept was based on the ideas developed in HyperCard stacks that Cunningham built in the late 1980s.
      • He installed the software on his company's (Cunningham & Cunningham) website,, on March 25, 1995.
        • Cunningham came up with the name WikiWikiWeb because he remembered a Honolulu International Airport counter employee who told him to take the Wiki Wiki Shuttle, a shuttle bus line that runs between the airport's terminals. "Wiki Wiki" is a reduplication of "wiki," a Hawaiian language word for fast. Cunningham's idea was to make WikiWikiWeb's pages quickly editable by its users, so he initially thought about calling it "QuickWeb," but later changed his mind and dubbed it "WikiWikiWeb."
    • Changes
      • Some words are written in CamelCase because this is the markup used to create inter-page links by WikiWikiWeb's software, WikiBase. Later wiki engines, such as MediaWiki, dropped this convention.
  • Adoption
  • Types

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Page last modified on October 24, 2010, at 11:51 PM